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75th Anniversary of D-Day
Today is the 75th anniversary of D-Day, Operation Overlord, the day during World War II on which the Allies — American, British, and Canadian troops — invaded France, a giant milestone on the road to defeating Nazi Germany.
It’s tough today to understand the scope and risk that was involved in the invasion, and to appreciate the sacrifices of 4,414 Allied soldiers killed and more than 9,000 wounded or missing.
Fewer than 4 percent of World War II veterans are still alive. So, organizers of the big commemorations assume that this might well be the last major commemoration during which they’ll be able to honor any significant number of participants in the invasion.
With that in mind, here are 17 inspiring quotes to give us all a little bit of appreciation for what it might have been like to be part of the invasion, or to wait with bated breath for news of what had happened.
1. “We’ll start the war from right here.”
–Brigadier General Theodore Roosevelt Jr., son of the former president, who landed with his troops in the wrong place on Utah Beach
2. “If any blame or fault attaches to the attempt, it is mine alone.”
–General Dwight Eisenhower, future president, in a draft or remarks he’d made in case the invasion was a failure.
3. “Hitler made only one big mistake when he built his Atlantic Wall. He forgot to put a roof on it.”
–World War II U.S. paratrooper aphorism
4. “They fight not for the lust of conquest. They fight to end conquest. They fight to liberate.”
— President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s official address announcing the invasion.
5. “So much of the progress that would define the 20th century, on both sides of the Atlantic, came down to the battle for a slice of beach only six miles long and two miles wide.”
–President Barak Obama, 10 years ago, in Normandy to mark the 65th anniversary of D-Day.
6. “The waiting for history to be made was the most difficult. I spent much time in prayer. Being cooped up made it worse. Like everyone else, I was seasick and the stench of vomit permeated our craft.”
–Private Clair Galdonik
7. “They’re murdering us here. Let’s move inland and get murdered.”
–Colonel Charles D. Canham, 116th Infantry Regiment commander, on Omaha Beach
8. “I don’t feel that I’m any kind of hero. To me, the work had to be done. I was asked to do it. So I did. When I lecture kids I tell them the same thing.”
–Private First Class Joe Lesniewski
9. “You get your ass on the beach. I’ll be there waiting for you and I’ll tell you what to do. There ain’t anything in this plan that is going to go right.”
–Colonel Paul R. Goode, in a pre-attack briefing to the 175th Infantry Regiment, 29th Infantry Division
10. “At the core, the American citizen soldiers knew the difference between right and wrong, and they didn’t want to live in a world in which wrong prevailed. So they fought, and won, and we all of us, living and yet to be born, must be forever profoundly grateful.”
–Author Stephen Ambrose
11. “Today, when people thank me for my service, I figure three years of my time is a cheap price to pay for this country. Nobody owes me a thing.”
–Lieutenant Buck Compton
12. “The first time I saw a poster wanting men to sign up to be paratroopers and heard how hard it would be to make it in, I knew that was for me. I wanted an elite group of soldiers around me.”
–Staff Sergeant Frank Soboleski
13. “There is one great thing that you men will all be able to say after this war is over and you are home once again. … When you are sitting by the fireplace with your grandson on your knee and he asks you what you did in the great World War II … you can look him straight in the eye and say, ‘Son, your Granddaddy rode with the Great Third Army and a son-of-a-goddamned-bitch named Georgie Patton!’ ”
–General George S. Patton
14. “I’m very disappointed, and I hate leaving the world feeling this way.”
–Private Jack Port, now 97, on the state of the world currently
15. “It was a different world then. It was a world that requires young men like myself to be prepared to die for a civilization that was worth living in.”
–Harry Read, British D-Day veteran who jumped again this week with the British Parachute Regiment’s freefall display team.
16. “I cherish the memories of a question my grandson asked me the other day when he said, ‘Grandpa, were you a hero in the war?’ Grandpa said, ‘No, but I served in a company of heroes.'”
–Major Richard Winters
17. “All I could see was water, miles and miles of water. But this was D-Day and nobody went back to England and a lot of infantry riding in open barges seasick to the low-tide beaches were depending on us to draw the Germans off the causeways and gun batteries, and so, as Porter hurled himself against me, I grabbed both sides of the door and threw myself at the water.”
–Private David Kenyon Webster, who became a writer after the war
The History of Victoria Day
For many Canadians, the Victoria Day holiday weekend is the time to start thinking about summer. Bonus: It’s a day off school! But why do we celebrate the birthday of Queen Victoria, who died nearly 115 years ago?
Until 1956, the birthday of the monarch—that’s the king or queen—of Great Britain was also celebrated in Canada, sometimes on his or her own birthday, sometimes around that time and sometimes on Victoria Day.
Well, probably because she was so important in the creation of our country. She was queen when Canada became its own country in 1867, and she was the one who chose Ottawa as our capital. After she died in 1901, the Canadian government declared that May 24 would be a holiday in her honour. (If the 24th fell on a Sunday, the holiday would be May 25.)
In 1957, Victoria Day was named the official birthday in Canada of Queen Elizabeth II. (In Great Britain, her birthday, which is actually April 21, is celebrated in June.) And Victoria Day is officially held on the Monday right before May 25.